The Basset Fauve de Bretagne, or also known as the Fawn Colored Brittany Basset, is a French dog breed that is small and stocky. It is also energetic and fast for its size. It is a dog breed that was bred for hunting small game like rabbits, and it is still used for the same purpose in some parts of the country. When the Basset is not on the trail of a bunny, it is a laid-back family friend who loves to play with kids. Let us know more about the history and characteristics of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne dog breed.
History of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is an old French hound that can be traced back to the 1500s, during the time when Francois I had a pack of Breton hounds that he hunted regularly. Those dogs were called Grand Fauve de Bretagne. However, they became extinct, but their DNA continues to run in the lines of the modern Griffons and Bassets, and one of those is the Basset Fauve.
The Grand Fauve de Bretagne or Fawn Hound of Brittany were larger. They were introduced around 1520 by Admiral d’Anneboulde to the French court. One of the dogs in the pack owned by Francois I was named Mirraud, and it was used extensively by royalty.
Only the aristocracy was allowed to keep hounds and hunt with them up until the French Revolution. However, the aristocratic privileges were abolished in 1789, allowing anyone to own a hound and hunt with them. Since most peasants did not own a horse, they needed a shorter-legged, closer-ranging hunting companion. That was when the Basset was developed. But how it was formed is still a matter of debate.
In the 19th century, hound packs were made up of Bassets to hunt hare, fox, wild boar, rabbits, and roe deer. During World War II, Grands and Bassets were rumored to be nearly extinct. But the leading French Fauve Expert Mme. F Corbeau of the French Club du Fauve de Bretagne confirmed that the breed remained strong in popularity by French huntsmen.
Up until today, the breed remains popular. In France, it is a versatile hunting hound and a family dog. It is also gaining popularity in the United States, and it has breed clubs in many countries, as well. It is a great breed, and if you want one, you can consider adoption. You can check your local shelters for Basset Fauve de Bretagne rescues in your area because they sometimes take in these dog breeds to find forever homes for them.
Characteristics of a Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Average height: 12.5 to 15.5 inches
Average weight: 27 to 35 pounds
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a French hunting dog breed that belongs to the Hound group of dogs. They can live up to 15 years. It is a small to medium-sized breed, and most weigh between 25 to 35 pounds, and grow from 12 to 15 inches at the shoulder. It means that many Bassets can be smaller or larger. The coats of Basset Fauve de Bretagne are coarse and wiry. Their main colors are wheaten, fawn, and red wheaten.
Bassets are wonderful dogs for everyone. They are very energetic even when they have small and sturdy frames. Since they are hound dogs, they always love to play outdoors or hunt along with their human counterparts. These dogs are also brilliant. That’s why mental stimulation is also essential for them, aside from physical exercise.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is an adorable, loyal, and gentle pet. They can get along well with everyone in the household. However, they might chase after smaller pets. When it comes to training, they can be a bit stubborn. You need to be gentle and consistent for them to respond well. They are not watchdogs, but they will let you know if a stranger approaches the door. They are also tough, and will surely protect their families no matter what.
This dog breed can also get along well with children. However, since they are small dogs, they can be injured easily by overly excited kids. Therefore, you need to make sure that your kids know how to handle smaller dog breeds gently. When it comes to other pets, they can also get along with them when introduced slowly and calmly. They are not naturally fond of other animals, and they may prefer to be a single pet in the house.
Caring for a Basset Fauve de Bretagne
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne have dense coats, meaning, they do well in some colder climates. If you live in a hotter environment, it is better to cut their hair. It is actually easy to take care of, as it’s not a high maintenance dog. However, they are not a good choice if you have allergies.
It’s important to keep up with your Basset Fauve de Bretagne’s regular vet checkups to detect any health concerns immediately. It is a high-energy dog, and it’s unlikely for them to be prone to weight gain. But you also need to give them adequate exercise. A good half-hour to one hour long walk daily, or some active play sessions mixed with shorter walks are perfect for them.
You also need to make sure that you trim your Basset’s nails before they get too long. Check their ears for debris and pests and clean them as recommended by your vet. Oral health is one of the main concerns for a Basset Fauve de Bretagne. Therefore, you should brush their teeth daily because small dog breeds are prone to dental issues.
When it comes to feeding Basset Fauve de Bretagne, their diet should be formulated for a small breed with high energy. Stick to a regular feeding schedule and avoid leaving food out during the day. You also need to limit giving them treats to avoid overfeeding and weight gain. It’s best to ask your vet for recommendations about your pet’s diet.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is indeed a lovely pet to have at home. If you are looking for a friendly dog that is also affectionate, then a Basset Fauve de Bretagne might be a perfect choice for you.